Turnover, Retention and the Crusade to Assign “Responsibility”

Ask most any HR Leader “what’s your biggest pain point?” and I guarantee that retention/turnover will be up there amongst the top 3 answers. Quite often this answer is partnered up with its companion “recruiting/hiring” since, of course, they share space for all eternity on the organizational mobius strip. 

Depending upon one’s company, the responsibility for lowering turnover/increasing employee retention may be a shared goal (as it should be) or may belong to a specific department: usually HR. 

Which is crap.

When Stan in the Distribution Center resigns it’s not due to the interactions he had with Karen in the HR Department or Sherrie in Recruiting. (Recruiters are another group that tend to have their performance measured, inaccurately, on turnover numbers). It’s quite likely that Stan didn’t even resign because of his direct supervisor or department manager. Oh I know; every speaker at every HR conference for the last 2 decades has posted a slide with the seemingly profound words “people leave managers…not companies!” (And then they act like they are the first person to ever say this and all the attendees furiously scribble these seemingly transformative words in their notebooks). 

I detest that pablum statement. Are there horrible, toxic and downright inept managers out there that drive people away from organizations? Of course there are. But people do leave companies; I certainly have. People may have the best manager in the world BUT that manager’s hands may be tied by the company. 

People quit, resign, mentally check out, get fired and just plain stop-showing-up for a variety of reasons. And yes; while some people get fired for an egregious act wherein they may go out in a blaze of glory, there are sufficient numbers of people who are terminated for performance because, well, they just stopped trying or caring.

NONE OF THIS IS THE FAULT OF THE HR DEPARTMENT. Heck, I would argue, again, that quite a bit of it is not even the fault of the person’s manager.

The reasons why people leave their jobs can be classified, fairly simply, into either PUSH or PULL factors.

Push factors are those over which the organization has control. This includes factors such as overall company culture, pay and benefits, working conditions, trust (or lack of trust) in leadership, and opportunities (or lack thereof) for development or career progression. Push factors may also include the annoying co-worker in the next cubicle, the lack of up-to-date technology one has to do their job, and the company’s propensity to rule via death-by-a-thousand-cuts-HR-policies. 

Pull factors are those things that are outside of your organization (and outside of your control). These factors include family responsibilities (a move, family care issues), personal decisions (returning to school), commute and travel issues, and personal/family finances that necessitate a change.

Some may argue that the siren call of a competitor (they pay more! they have free snacks in the breakroom!) is a PULL factor. In the vast majority of cases I disagree; the number of regular employees (i.e. not top tech talent, the superstar marketing professional, etc.) who are recruited (sourced, called, woo’ed) for another job is pretty slim. But even if it does happen, there is some underlying PUSH factor that leads the person to go through an interview and application process beyond simple curiosity. 

They want to leave. And NOTHING you can do is going to get them to change their mind. 

So what IS the role of Human Resources?

HR’s responsibility is to recognize and understand the reasons why people leave the organization, identify the problem areas, and develop solutions to lesson the impact (financial and otherwise). This requires gathering data (exit interviews anyone?) and synthesizing it, appropriately, to provide some real multi-layered answers. 

There are areas, fully in the control of HR, where adjustments can be made:

  • Attraction and recruiting initiatives lay the foundation for retaining talent and HR/TA needs to get this shit right. The “employer brand” should be real and truthful; there should be no sugar-coating of what the day-to-day reality of working at the company is like. Never (ever) should applicants be promised one thing to get them in the door and then the organization delivers an employment experience that is entirely different  
  • HR, with some heavy-lifting from managers, manages the onboarding experience from the time-of-offer to a date well after the newbie employees start. HR should dive deep to ensure onboarding includes sufficient aspects of cultural assimilation, socialization and opportunities for relationship building (in addition to all the “how do you DO your actual job”) 
  • HR staff should work with managers, and equip them with the training, time and resources, so they can provide a high-feedback/high-touch work environment. Do some supervisor/manager training? Sure. But back that up with the time and money to let them do-what-you-hired-them-to-do.

In addition, there are certainly other areas where HR professionals can have an impact on some of the PUSH factors including offering pay and benefits that are competitive and at appropriate levels and ensuring development opportunities truly exist (and aren’t just paid lip service on the company career site). HR professionals should also do some soul-searching and find ways to ‘lighten up’ on the draconian, bureaucratic HR policies and procedures that provide much of the fodder for the “I hate HR” crowd. 

Easier said than done of course. Depending upon ones’ level in the organizational hierarchy (i.e. any layer below the CHRO) and/or the size of the organization it can be a downright futile exercise. Karen the HRBP covering a small region for an enterprise with 50,000 employees unfortunately doesn’t have much input into the drafting of the corporate HR policies or defining the compensation philosophy. (YET SHE IS STILL TOLD SHE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR TURNOVER!) 

Here’s the deal though…

So often, when lectured by a CEO/Owner/Big Shot VP that she is responsible for lowering turnover, Karen in HR (as mentioned above) who is sitting out at a regional site and has no real power to make deep and abiding organizational changes, will do a bunch of “activities.” She’ll hand out water bottles with the company logo, order in pizza, and kick off an Employee of the Month award. 

But no one’s going to stay just because they might – one day – win the “Employee of the Month” award and receive a $25 gift card and their name on a plaque hung in the breakroom.

The Push/Pull factors are still there.

*********

How much do I like this diving into this topic? So much that I’ll be speaking about it at the Talent Success Conference in September. 

error

People, Culture and Inclusion: #CultureFirst19

I’m spending a few days in San Francisco at Culture Amp’s #CultureFirst19 event. The conversations (which I love!) are centered around building and nurturing company cultures that are competitive advantages.

The attendees at this event are super engaged and “get it” – these are people who are passionate about transforming work. One aspect I find particularly inspiring is the folks I’ve run into who are relatively “new” to the People/HR profession and are here – purposefully! – because they have both a desire and an ability to create (from the ground up in some cases) workplaces that are people-centered from the get-go. Oh sure, there are conversations occurring in every nook-and-cranny in the hall about linking employee insights/feedback and performance data (sounds very HR, I know). But the dynamic of these chats is not “traditional HR” – yeah…I think you know what I mean. There’s energy. There’s positivity. There’s talk about “what’s possible” and the future is viewed not with fright or skepticism but with eagerness.

Culture Amp (the company) is an employee feedback and analytics platform well-known for providing insight (and actionable advise) to its customers using engagement and performance data. I’ve been a fan for a number of years as I’ve watched the company grow and expand while remaining true to their mission and focus. Solidifying this for me, yesterday, was the fact that Didier Elzinga (CEO/Founder) opened the conference with a wonderful (and very human and personal) session.

There are numerous exciting things coming out of this event (stay tuned for what I learned about Foresight Engine!) but there’s one thing I jumped on immediately: Culture Amp’s Diversity and Inclusion Starter Kit.

This is a free (yes) tool available to anyone: small orgs, large orgs, Culture Amp customers and non-customers alike.

Using this starter kit will provide you with access to:

  • a research backed D& I survey
  • advanced analytics
  • clarity and understanding (stuff like heatmap visualization and embedded NLP tech)
  • insights based on your specific org’s survey results
  • recommendations (and inspiration) to start driving change

If diversity, equity and inclusion are top-of-mind for you — check it out. Here’s where you can sign up.

#culturefirst

error

Crossing the Chasm to the Future of HR

The other day wrote about the often-times frustrating disconnect between Conference HR and Real-World HR.  Shorthand version: Conference HR is where pundits, vendors and “thought” leaders exhort us to immediately start using AI and be disruptive. Real-World HR is where we have to put weekly reminders on the office refrigerator reminding employees to take their mold-filled Tupperware containers home by 4 PM on Friday or risk the weekly purge. 

It’s utopia vs. the daily grind. Fantasy vs. reality. Strategic business planning vs. coordinating the company picnic.

Or is it? 

Better question: does it have to be? 

Answer: no.

As HR professionals we’re consumers of the content showered down on us; all the advice and admonitions about what we should be doing. Yet we’re also story tellers and we need to share (with organizational leaders, our vendors, etc.) our reality; our wacky “you won’t believe it even if I tell you” stories. We’re dealing with people after all and even while things change (around us), the human aspects of our day-to-day work stay, not so shockingly, the same. I can recall, with startling clarity, my very first investigation into allegations of sexual harassment. Interestingly enough the most recent sexual harassment investigation I undertook was pretty similar. Decades apart. Post #MeToo and everything. #samesies

Plus, of course, as HR professionals it’s our responsibility to constantly scan the environment, look ahead, and prepare for the rapidly-changing future of work. We do need to have (a) our assumptions challenged and, occasionally, we do need to have (b) our asses kicked.  

And sometimes, the best way for either (a) or (b) to occur, is to take a journey to “Conference HR” land and pay attention with an open mind. We need to:  

  • Pay attention to trends (year over year). One great resource for this (which I talk up all the time) is Deloitte’s Global Human Capital Trends Report. Read it, digest it, and use it take a deeper dive into those areas you may be adding to your company’s HR Roadmap.
  • Explore areas outside of HR. Everything that’s happening in the world impacts our workplaces so be cognizant of things that are happening in politics, the economy, technology and general pop culture. Read Fast Company, TechCrunch, the Wall Street Journal and People. (really on the People thing).  
  • Advance our professional boundaries. If you’re a Benefits Specialist spend some time on webinars (or in conference sessions) designed for Recruiters. If you’re a Recruiter (in the US), brush up on the FMLA or ACA parameters. 
  • Up-Skill … OURSELVES. Don’t wait for a new corporate initiative to be the impetus for learning. Demo new HR tech products just for the fun of it. Take a class via Udemy. Volunteer to work with the Marketing Team on a branding initiative. 

It’s an old saying but a truism nonetheless; no one understands what it’s really like to work in HR unless they’ve worked in HR. That’s probably what becomes the most aggravating aspect when we’re faced with presenters or speakers, with no experience in our world, who talk about the stuff we know (viscerally! deep in our bones!) and inform us how and when to change.

But we can cross this chasm. We really can. When we keep learning – and telling OUR stories – we keep expanding the possibilities for the future of HR. A future WE have the power to choose for ourselves.

Our future. 

error